Canada Coronavirus Breaking NewsWorld Coronavirus Breaking News

COVID-19 Response Should Include Distancing from the US – TheTyee.ca

(function(w,d,s,l,i){w[l]=w[l]||[];w[l].push({‘gtm.start’:
new Date().getTime(),event:’gtm.js’});var f=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0],
j=d.createElement(s),dl=l!=’dataLayer’?’&l=’+l:”;j.async=true;j.src=
‘//www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id=’+i+dl;f.parentNode.insertBefore(j,f);
})(window,document,’script’,’dataLayer’,’GTM-MSQQB3′);
This page requires Javascript. Your browser either doesn’t support JavaScript or you have it turned off. Please enable JavaScript before you proceed.

We value: Our readers.
Our independence. Our region.
The power of real journalism.

Help pay for our reporting.

We’re reader supported.
Get our newsletter free.Help pay for our reporting.

Menu

News
Analysis
Culture
Solutions

More
Support Us

Search

Search

Sections

News
Analysis
Culture
Opinion
National
Solutions

Topics

BC Politics
Education
Energy
Environment
Federal Politics
Film
Food
Gender & Sexuality
Health
Housing
Labour & Industry
Indigenous Affairs
Municipal Politics
Music
Rights & Justice
Science & Tech
Transportation
Travel
Urban Planning & Architecture

More

Advertise
About Us
The Barometer
Contact
Funding
Jobs
Newsletter
Privacy Policy
Submissions
Support The Tyee
Weekly Archives

Support Us
Newsletter

Menu

Search

Search

Latest Stories

Sections

News

Culture

Opinion

National

Mediacheck

Solutions

Topics

BC Politics

Education

Energy

Environment

Federal Politics

Film
Food
Gender & Sexuality
Health

Housing
Labour & Industry

Indigenous Affairs

Local Economy
Media
Municipal Politics

Music
Rights & Justice
Science & Tech
Transportation
Travel

Urban Planning & Architecture

More

Advertise
About Us
The Barometer
Contact
Contributors
Funding

Jobs
Master Classes
Newsletter
Privacy Policy
Submissions

Support The Tyee
Tyee News
Weekly Archives

Join

Newsletter

Opinion

| Politics | Coronavirus
COVID-19 Response Should Include Distancing from the US

Our dependence on our increasingly erratic and protectionist southern neighbour is risky. We need new allies and greater self-sufficiency.

By Philippe Lagasse and Srdjan Vucetic Today | The Conversation Canada

Philippe Lagasse is an associate professor and Barton Chair in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University in Ottawa. Srdjan Vucetic is an associate professor professor in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa. This article originally appeared in The Conversation here.

SHARES

Join

Donald Trump and Justin Trudeau: ‘As COVID-19 radicalizes the already radical presidency of Donald Trump, Canada may be forced to confront its dependence on the US more directly and with greater urgency.’
Photo: US government.

Canadian foreign policy has long embraced both a deep continental relationship with the United States and a devotion to liberal internationalism. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the time has come to re-evaluate our approach.

Announcements, Events & more from Tyee and select partners

What’s Your World Look Like Now? Send Us a Map
Your new routine. Your fridge. Whatever’s changed in these pandemic times — draw it with us.

While Canada has been able to manage the coronavirus crisis so far, our ability to continue to keep the pandemic at bay and successfully rescue the economy will likely be even more difficult.
If the U.S. cannot get a handle on the virus, and if its leadership chooses a protectionist route to economic recovery, Canada’s return to normalcy will be that much harder. That’s especially true if the Canadian government is not able to secure exceptions from Washington’s protectionist measures, as it has recently.
Similarly, if international trade and movement are slow to re-establish themselves, and if protectionism becomes a worldwide response, Canada can expect a cumbersome recovery.

Canada’s dependence on the United States has been mostly benign. Yes, American decisions on softwood lumber and steel/aluminum tariffs, and limitations on other free trade agreements found in the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement hurt Canada, but Canada also greatly benefits from its commercial relationships with its neighbour.

The Tyee is supported by readers like you

Join us and grow independent media in Canada

But as COVID-19 radicalizes the already radical presidency of Donald Trump, Canada may be forced to confront its dependence on the U.S. more directly and with greater urgency.
Short-lived tensions — including Trump’s unsuccessful attempt to halt exports of masks to Canada and his musings about stationing troops near the border — may be harbingers of longer-term restrictions, disagreements or spillover effects that slow or stifle Canada’s attempt to rebound from the current crisis.
Worse, the rise of nationalism and geopolitical competition points to the likelihood of a fragmented international order built around a handful of large protectionist or self-sufficient power blocs. Liberal principles of free trade and movement may come under increasing pressure, leaving Canada particularly vulnerable to the whims of protectionist powers.
The ‘Third Option,’ COVID-19 edition
So, what, if anything, can be done? In 1972, following the shock to the world economy brought about by former U.S. president Richard Nixon’s decision to effectively end the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates, Pierre Trudeau’s government introduced a policy idea called the “Third Option.” It was essentially a call for more self-sufficiency at home and stronger ties with the rest of the world to lessen dependence on the United States.
Though the Third Option dissipated after a few years, the idea behind it never quite died. COVID-19 renders Third Option thinking not only respectable but also responsible again.
Witness, for example, increasing appeals for a more self-sufficient Canada,, and Foreign Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne’s efforts to co-ordinate Canada’s pandemic response with both “traditional” and “new” international partners.
Whether general or issue-specific, multilateral or “plurilateral” ties with partners in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe are in Canada’s best interest, simply because they constitute a counterweight to the United States.
True, some of these ties will always be shallow, others short-lived, and still others both. Yet, some ties might well lead to the establishment of deeper and closer strategic relationship with the rest of the world.
More diverse trading relationships will be essential to ensure Canadian resilience. In light of the recently concluded Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, the European Union, for all its shortcomings and uncertainties, is one good candidate for such a relationship.
A shift to self-sufficiency
The principal challenge of the COVID-19-era Third Option, though, is not finding new partners. Rather, it’s Canada’s ability to do things on its own without relying too heavily on allies and partners.
We may see Canada invest in national manufacturing of medical goods as a result, akin to the munitions supply program that ensures the Canadian military has the ammunition it needs.

But the pandemic has also highlighted that Canada’s COVID-19 response has arguably been too reliant on international assessments. Canada will need to strengthen its own ability to assess and craft effective responses to global crises, not only in the area of public health, but finance, security and defence, climate change and migration, among others.
While global problems require global solutions, the pandemic has highlighted that national responses remain vital and should not be overly dependent on allies and international bodies.
Building the capacity to pursue the Third Option will take time, money and, most importantly, a political culture willing to reconsider the fundamentals of Canadian foreign policy. To get there, Canadians must be willing to think harder about Canada-U.S. relations and an increasingly fractured international order.

Read more: Politics, Coronavirus

Share this article

Share on Facebook

Share on Twitter

Forward by Email

x
Share article via email

Send this article to:

Your email address:

Your message:

Would you like to receive The Tyee’s headlines free by email?

Yes, every day.

Yes, once a week.

Yes, once a week, national news only.

I already subscribe.

No, thanks.

Submit

Show form again >>

Close

The Tyee is supported by readers like you

Join us and grow independent media in Canada

Facts matter. Get The Tyee’s in-depth journalism delivered to your inbox for free.

DailyWeeklyNational (weekly)

Subscribe now

Privacy policy

DailyWeeklyNational (weekly)Subscribe now
Privacy policy

x
Your privacy is important to us.

When subscribing to a newsletter edition you’ll also get early notice on Tyee events, news, promotions, partner messages and special initiatives.
Further to the provision of the Personal Information Protection Act, personal information is kept confidential by TheTyee.ca and will not be sold, traded, released, shared or distributed to any other individuals, organizations or agencies without prior consent or notification.
Measures have been enacted to ensure the integrity of personal information and to protect it from misuse, loss or alteration. All information submitted to The Tyee is only available to employees or sub-contractors who are bound by agreement with The Tyee to keep the information private. E-mail addresses are only used for the purposes of Tyee-related correspondence or comment moderation.
If you have concerns related to your privacy please contact us at info@thetyee.ca

Close

Tyee Commenting Guidelines

Do not:
Use sexist, classist, racist or homophobic language
Libel or defame
Bully, threaten, name-call or troll
Troll patrol. Instead, downvote, or flag suspect activity
Attempt to guess other commenters’ real-life identities

Do:
Verify facts, debunk rumours
Add context and background
Spot typos and logical fallacies
Highlight reporting blind spots
Ignore trolls and flag violations
Treat all with respect and curiosity
Stay on topic
Connect with each other

function var_dump(obj, element)
{
var logMsg = objToString(obj, 0);
if (element) // set innerHTML to logMsg
{
var pre = document.createElement(‘pre’);
pre.innerHTML = logMsg;
element.innerHTML = ”;
element.appendChild(pre);
}
else // write logMsg to the console
{
console.log(logMsg);
}
}

function objToString(obj, level)
{
var out = ”;
for (var i in obj)
{
for (loop = level; loop > 0; loop–)
{
out += ” “;
}
if (obj[i] instanceof Object)
{
out += i + ” (Object):n”;
out += objToString(obj[i], level + 1);
}
else
{
out += i + “: ” + obj[i] + “n”;
}
}
return out;
}
/**
* RECOMMENDED CONFIGURATION VARIABLES: EDIT AND UNCOMMENT THE SECTION BELOW TO INSERT DYNAMIC VALUES FROM YOUR PLATFORM OR CMS.
* LEARN WHY DEFINING THESE VARIABLES IS IMPORTANT: https://disqus.com/admin/universalcode/#configuration-variables
*/
var disqus_config = function () {
this.callbacks.onNewComment = [function(comment, user) {
var evlabel = “ip167_99_15_227 comment:” + comment.text.substring(0, 300);
ga(‘send’, {
‘hitType’: ‘event’, // Required.
‘eventCategory’: ‘Comments’, // Required.
‘eventAction’: ‘New Comment’, // Required.
‘eventLabel’: evlabel,
‘eventValue’ : comment.id
});
}];

this.page.url = ‘http://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2020/05/07/Pandemic-Emerging-Canada-US-Relations/’;
this.page.identifier = ‘CBC9B9FC-90AA-11EA-9ACD-87CDC782FE03’;
this.page.title = ‘COVID-19 Response Should Include Distancing from the US’;
this.callbacks.onReady = [function() {
$(‘#disqus_thread’).show();
}];

};
(function() { // REQUIRED CONFIGURATION VARIABLE: EDIT THE SHORTNAME BELOW
var d = document, s = d.createElement(‘script’);
s.src = ‘//thetyee.disqus.com/embed.js’; // IMPORTANT: Replace EXAMPLE with your forum shortname!
s.setAttribute(‘data-timestamp’, +new Date());
(d.head || d.body).appendChild(s);
})();
Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.

I agree to the guidelines above, show me the comments!

The Barometer
Do you think the frequency of air travel will change after the pandemic?

Absolutely. There’s no going back now.
Yes, but mostly because of economic, not environmental, reasons.
In some ways — people’s approach will change and industry will adapt.
Nope. Once this is all over, it will be back as strong as ever.
Take this week’s poll

The Tyee
About The Tyee
Advertise
Contact
Funding
Jobs
Privacy Policy
Submissions
Support The Tyee
Advertise

Articles
News
Culture
Opinion
National
Mediacheck
Solutions
Video
Publications
Tyee News
Weekly Archives

Your Account
Follow The Tyee
Subscribe by email
Subscribe by RSS

Subscribe
Advertise
Contact
About

Polyfill({
selectors: [“:has”] }).doMatched(rules => {
rules.each(rule => {
// just pass it into jQuery since it supports `:has`
jQuery(rule.getSelectors()).css(rule.getDeclaration())
});
});

googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display(‘ad-300×600’); });
googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display(‘ad-leaderboard’); });
googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display(‘ad-bigbox’); });
googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display(‘ad-bigboxlower’); });

var _sf_async_config = _sf_async_config || {};
_sf_async_config.uid = 58366;
_sf_async_config.domain = ‘thetyee.ca’;
_sf_async_config.useCanonical = true;
_sf_async_config.alias = window.location.href.split(‘?’)[0];
(function() {
function loadChartbeat() {
window._sf_endpt = (new Date()).getTime();
var e = document.createElement(‘script’);
e.setAttribute(‘language’, ‘javascript’);
e.setAttribute(‘type’, ‘text/javascript’);
e.setAttribute(‘src’,’//static.chartbeat.com/js/chartbeat.js’);
document.body.appendChild(e);
};
var oldonload = window.onload;
window.onload = (typeof window.onload != ‘function’) ?
loadChartbeat() : function() { oldonload(); loadChartbeat(); };
window.onload = loadChartbeat();
})();

var _comscore = _comscore || [];
_comscore.push({ c1: “2”, c2: “17092377” });
(function() {
var s = document.createElement(“script”), el = document.getElementsByTagName(“script”)[0]; s.async = true;
s.src = (document.location.protocol == “https:” ? “https://sb” : “http://b”) + “.scorecardresearch.com/beacon.js”;
el.parentNode.insertBefore(s, el);
})();

smartquotes();
$(window).load(function() {

setTimeout(function(){
var elms = document.querySelectorAll(“[id=’google_ads_iframe_/21234062/300x600_0′]”);
if (elms.length > 1) {elms[0].style.display=’none’}

; }, 3000);

});

Show More

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button
Close